Archeology is an interdisciplinary activity It draws knowledge from several other fields like sociology, anthropology, psychology, economics etc. It is about creating something by thinking across boundaries that also revolves around investigating the physical development done by previous human societies. The objective of this discipline is to study the history of past human cultures through identification, survey and excavation of historical sites. These sites yield the residues of earlier cultures in the form of residues (such as pottery, weapons, jewelry, articles of daily use, plants, animals and human relics etc.) and architecture.
Once the artifacts and monuments are discovered, they are preserved by archaeologists for accurate analysis, documentation and future reference. Even a frivolous article like broken pottery or human bone also tells an experienced archaeologist many things. The discovery during various archaeological investigations often adds a new dimension to the previously known facts of the past.
Recovery and analysis of residues from excavation sites is the primary duty of all archaeologists, even if they are in spite of the area of expertise. In addition to the traditional process of gathering and managing the physical evidence of the past, archaeologists also employ modern testing techniques.
The state-of-the-art research techniques used by modern-day archaeologists, genetic studies, radiocarbon dating, thermography, satellite imaging, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and so on.
As a multi-disciplinary activity, archeology attracts a vast array of subjects such as anthropology, art history, chemistry, classical literature, anthropology, geology, history, information technology, linguistics, physics, statistics and so on.
In a career in archeology, all is challenging, exciting and fulfilling.
Most of the universities in India have a Department of Archeology offer this subject at the post-graduation level and beyond it.
In this regard, the first step towards becoming a successful archaeologist is to get a graduate degree. This can be in any discipline However, it is preferable to have a bachelor’s degree in history, sociology, or anthropology for a better understanding of the concepts of archaeology. Further, it is advisable to check the related university with all the bachelor’s degrees are considered for a postgraduate course in archaeology.
However, universities like the Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, offers a three year bachelor’s degree in Indian History, Culture and Archeology. Similarly, the Banaras Hindu University, offers two undergraduate courses in this field: a three years honors program in Ancient Indian History, Culture and Archeology and a three-year vocational program in Museology and Archeology.
The Institute of Archeology under the aegis of Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), New Delhi, conducts a two year Postgraduate Diploma in Archeology. The eligibility of entry to this program includes a master’s degree in Ancient or Medieval Indian History, Anthropology, or Archeology form a recognized university.
Students holding a master’s degree in classical languages or geology This course is divided into four semesters and the curriculum of this course is as follows:
Paper – I Principles and Methods of Archeology
Paper – II Application of Science in Archeology
Paper – III Prehistory
Paper – IV Protohistory
Paper – V Historical Archeology
Paper – VI Art and Iconography
Paper – VII Architecture
Paper – VIII Epigraphy and Numismatics
Paper – IX Museology
Paper – X Structural Conservation of Monuments
Paper – XI Chemical Preservation of Monuments and Antiquities
Paper – XII Antiquarian Laws
In practical testing, the following sections include: Surveying, drawing, photography, modeling, exploration and exploration, chemical protection, computer applications, Viva voce, general overview, tutorial and a dissertation.
After completing the post graduation level, candidates can opt for higher studies. After obtaining qualification criteria by the University Grants Commission (UGC) in this regard, they can either go for a doctorate degree or take lecturership at any university. From the level of the Master, the candidates can look for suitable career opportunities either in the teaching line or at the central or state level as an archaeologist working with ASI.
It is not necessary to adopt a successful profession in archeology, but it is advisable to start as soon as possible. The most important step in this direction is to spread the spirit of cultural and art appreciation in the minds of young people. This impulse should come from the school as well as from the front of the house. As the mind of a young learner absorbs more and more information about the grandeur of our country’s history, they are automatically attracted to this exciting profession.
Apart from this, interest in this business can be ignited by frequent visits to museums, cultural centers, historical monuments and even excavation sites. Getting information from books and magazines on topics such as history, art history and ancient civilizations helps a lot in this regard. Keeping an eye on development and new findings in the field of archeology is another way of starting a head to become a future archaeologist.
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Is this the right career for me?
Archeology is the perfect career for those who attain self-satisfaction in the search of a part of history and culture, which have been lost in the dust of time. This is a profile which is very demanding because archaeologists have to spend day and night camping in excavation sites and laboratories and in the field of work. Therefore, an archaeologist should have the patience to work on a project, which can take months and years to compete.
The abundant knowledge of history, the habit of reading, the excellent artistry, and an analytical and focused mind are some essential skills that make a good archaeologist. Fame and recognition in this business is often higher than monetary benefits.
What will this happen to me?
There is not much spending in this area for parsing your studies. As far as the cost of completion, the cost of a bachelor or postgraduate degree is similar to the other arts and social science disciplines.
Grant / scholarship
Students who succeed in getting admission in the two-year postgraduate diploma program in archeology conducted by ASI, each of them will get Rs. Stipend of 1500 is available.
Postgraduate students of archeology to be organized by the University Archeology Commission (UGC) through the National Eligibility Test (NET) or Junior Research Fellow (JRF) are eligible for doctorate studies in the capacity of the junior research fellow. Monthly remuneration for JRF Rs. 8000 is per month.
In addition to the above, the universities generally extend eligibility scholarships and give students stipends on the basis of their performance as well as postgraduate level. Some educational institutions also have government and privately funded fellowships for their students, for which the eligibility is different from the institution in the institute.
The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) is the main recruitment of archaeologists in our country at both the center and the state level. Passing the examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) or State Public Service Commissions (SPSC), eligible students can apply for suitable positions in the ASI.
Students who have received a masters degree in archeology can apply for lectures in different universities across the country. In this regard, they have to be present by the University Grants Commission (UGC) for the National Eligibility Test (NET) or Junior Research Fellow (JRF) -Lectureship examination.
Candidates who are successful in passing JRF examinations have the option of obtaining a doctoral degree in the capacity of a paid research fellowship. For the position of giving a lecture within a particular state, candidates need to pass the State Level Eligibility Test (SLET) of that state.
Archaeologists also have the option of getting jobs in government or privately owned museums for the safe maintenance and management of museum artifacts.
Since most job openings are in government or government run agencies, then an archaeologist’s career is secure. Archaeologists attract all the benefits of a general government employee according to their experience and official designation.
As soon as they pass JRF exams and then complete all the eligibility criteria, archeology students start earning. One J.R. It helps. 8,000 per month for a period of two years. Once he gets elevated in the status of Senior Research Fellow (SRF), he is promoted. Salary pay packs of lecturers are about Rs. 20,000 per month while Professor earns more than this.
After joining ASI, the basic salary package of a subsidiary archaeologist is in the middle of the rupees. 10,000 and Rs. About 15,000 per month. Archaeologists who have a doctorate degree get a better place in the job hierarchy. The monthly salary of the Director General of ASI is about Rs. 30,000 per month
Demand and supply
India has a rich cultural heritage that goes back thousands of years. In this regard, there is always a permanent demand for well-qualified archaeologists to work on new archaeological projects. There is also a demand for experienced lecturers, curators and patrons.
To fulfill this demand, the universities and colleges across the country are doing a great job.
Inspecting the market
Since ASI, government agencies and educational establishments have the main employment potential for archeology students, there is no shortage of opening.
Archaeologists have to travel extensively from one excavation site to another. They also get the opportunity to work on international exploration projects as needed. According to the field of their experience and expertise, they have the scope for taking permanent posts such as lecturers, professors, conservators, museum curators etc. in foreign countries.
Positive / negative
• This is an ideal profession for those who want to make a career in the unresolved mysteries of the past.
• A famous search often transforms the status and reputation of an archaeologist into prestigious ratios.
• An incomparable discovery to discover and bring to the unseen unseen historic sites.
• It is a way of enriching society because people know about our country’s rich heritage.
• Weather work and hard and dangerous work conditions are a continuous challenge for professionals engaged in field work.
• Other dangers include opportunities for encounter with wild animals, dacoits and robbers, local land mafias, dissident villagers and anti-social elements.
• Long-term working hours and frequent trips in the area can punish the mind and body.
Different roles, different names
Archeology is a vast area in itself and various roles are based on the area of expertise. Major branches of study in archeology include:
• Archeobotany – The study of the plant remains to detect agricultural practices, people’s eating habits, and climatic conditions of the time.
• Archeology – is an application for analytical engineering principles and processes for archeology.
• Archeologyology – The branch of archeology which looks at animal residues and their health, supremacy, hunting practices, and so on.
• Battlefield Archeology – Intense Archaeological Exploration of Famous Battlefields.
• Environmental Archeology – Studies the effects of the environment of the past and vice versa.
• Ethno Archeology – an application of modern day ethnographic or anthropological data in societies of the past, so that they can get information.
• Experimental archeology – replication of obsolete objects and processes in order to gain a better understanding of their work.
Geomorphology – The focus of this field is to inspect the soil and rock samples to determine the change in geological and environmental conditions.
• Marine archeology – Underwater is known as Archeology. A study dedicated to the investigation of the remains of ships with the study of cultures developed along the coast.
• Paleontology – This branch deals with the study of life forms present on earth before the arrival of modern humans.
• Prehistoric archeology-archaeologists whose main interest is to investigate human traditions related to pre-recorded or prehistoric era.
• Urban Archeology – The branch which is dedicated specifically to the study of urban centers or cities.
In addition to the others, the above branches of an archaeologist study may be experts in the study of geographical locations such as a specific historical period (Bible, classical, medieval archeology and so on) or Egyptian biology (the study of Egyptian civilizations), sinology ( Chinese study) history, and so on. They can specialize in a special area of research such as battlefield, underwater archeology, geology, culture, flora and fauna.
1. Archaeological Survey of India (ASI)
2. Indian Historical Research Council (ICHR)
3. National Museum
4. Universities and colleges
5. Government and private museums and cultural galleries
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